“For people without disabilities, technology makes things easier. For people with disabilities, technology makes things possible …” – National Council on Disability Many students with Learning Disabilities and attention issues can benefit from using Assistive Technology to help them with academic tasks. It helps to level the playing field so that they can access grade-level learning even if one or more of their skills, like reading, might be behind.
Jacki Bentley, BA, MA, Registered Provisional Psychologist
Adolescence is a time of development and exploration – a period of growth where teens can also be faced with tough decisions. Did you know that out of all illicit drugs, cannabis is the one most commonly used across Canada? It is also often one of the first drugs a teen is offered, and according to the World Health Organization, Canadian youth have one of the highest usage rates worldwide.
Tanya Keto, BEd, MEd, Registered Provisional Psychologist
Students with attention and learning issues often experience deficits in processing speed or working memory, or a combination of both. Processing speed abilities are required to work with ease, efficiency, and automaticity; in short, it’s our “thinking speed”. Up to 50% of children with learning and attention issues exhibit processing speed deficits. Working memory, on the other hand, is the brain’s Post-It Note: the ability to identify visual and auditory information, hold it in mind temporarily, and re-sequence it for use in problem-solving. Up to 80% of children with learning and attention issues may exhibit working memory deficits.
Lawrence Thenu, BSc., BEd., M. of Counselling
When my son was diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and a Learning Disability (LD) in 2014, I worried about how he would do academically and socially. I got so caught up in the labels associated with ADHD and LDs that I forgot about how smart, compassionate, kind, and driven my son already was. That moment made me realize that I lacked the knowledge to understand what ADHD was and what an LD was and that ADHD and LDs were two totally separate things that often presented together. To help you understand why ADHD is not a Learning Disability, I thought I would start by talking about what ADHD is, what an LD is, and how they are different from each other.
Tanya Keto, BEd, MEd, Registered Provisional Psychologist
(EF) are mental processes that help to connect past experience with present action to guide goal-directed behaviour. These functions underlie activities such as planning, organizing, strategizing, paying attention to and remembering details, and managing time and space. We all have strengths and weaknesses in our executive functions. However, when students struggle in these areas, it can result in behaviours that are often labelled as “attention seeking”, “defiant”, “showing off”, “unmotivated” or “lazy”, “emotional overreactions”, and “inflexible”, just to name a few.
Melanie Reader, B.Sc. (Hons). MSc., Registered Psychologist
As parents, you want to do what is best for your child. If your child has learning and attention challenges, you likely want to jump into action as soon as possible to get supports set up. However, it can be very overwhelming with the number of choices out there.
Nichola Cross
There are many reasons why people enrol in a French Immersion program. They might want to speak a second language to open doors for future jobs, improve their learning, learn about another culture, or even speak to foreign family members. But what if a child has a Learning Disability? Is it possible to complete this program or does it add extra stress onto the student?
Alana Yee, B.Sc., Master’s Intern, 2018
We all have times when we feel like we’ll never get better at something, or that we’re destined to fail. Kids and teens with learning and attention issues often face more challenges and setbacks than other kids and teens. That may lead them to have a specific mindset about their difficulties. Mindset affects our everyday lives by helping us interpret our experiences and future possibilities.
Melanie Reader, B.Sc. (Hons). MSc., Registered Psychologist
As students head back to school this fall, they will be expected to learn numerous new bits and pieces of information every day. In fact, children, when in school, need to remember more varied information than adults do in their daily lives. This is because adults are typically in careers that allow them to build on existing knowledge. The memory demands at school are profound with new information coming at students at almost every hour of every school day, often without the time provided to allow the students to consolidate what they have learned before new information is given to them.
Ann Wade, Registered Psychologist
For many parents, it remains a question of whether they should tell their child about their diagnosis. The short answer, according to many professionals, is ‘yes.’ The bigger questions become why, when, and how.
Melanie Reader, B.Sc. (Hons). MSc., Registered Psychologist
Research suggests that the more you recognize your child for the strengths and positives that make them who they are, the more they are able to grow stronger in their strengths and to be more resilient. Working from a strength-based model also supports the management of negative behaviours. Therefore, look for opportunities to nurture your child’s strengths, preferably daily. If necessary, make yourself a list of these strengths that you can review every day so that you do not get “bogged down” by the challenges. Also, celebrate even the smallest of improvements. Most importantly, be sure to show your child that you still love him -- even when he forgets his homework.
Nicole Jaggard, B.A.
Is it anxiety? Challenges with attention? Learning difficulties? Or, all three? How do I know what is causing what?
Paige McDonald
The school bell has rung for the last time this year, the kids are excitedly talking about the long summer days ahead, and you are looking at the next two months with relief that you no longer have to shuttle them to their many activities and monitor schoolwork. But, what about that little voice at the back of your mind that is worried the kids might lose ground on what they have accomplished this year?
Cynthia Yoo, B.A., M.A., Registered Provisional Psychologist
It is easy to spot frustrated children. They often show their feelings in behaviour we can see (e.g., tantrums and meltdowns). When this behaviour happens occasionally, we can usually manage. But, what happens when challenging behaviour becomes more frequent, more intense, and longer lasting than the average outburst? We may feel frustrated, dismayed, helpless, and even hopeless at times. How can we make sense of what is going on with children? And, what can we do to help?
Melanie Reader, B.Sc. (Hons). MSc., Registered Psychologist
When the start of school is on the horizon, families begin to adjust their routines to welcome in the start of a new year. This transition can cause a lot of stress for many parents and families, but by engaging in a few things ahead of time, this transition can go much smoother.
Melanie Reader, B.Sc. (Hons). MSc., Registered Psychologist
The development of self-advocacy skills is of utmost importance to the successful transition of students with disabilities from school into adult life.
Melissa Yue, BSc. (Hons.), MSc., Registered Provisional Psychologist
Education opens the door, but how we step through it makes an impression. Will people want to be our friend or foe? Will they want to help us or not? Not knowing how to present ourselves can be a costly mistake. But, how do we learn this?
Kim Tackaberry, B. Ed.
“Tell me and I will forget, show me and I will remember, involve me and I will understand.” (Chinese Proverb). It is that time of year when teachers prepare to meet parents for the first time. Many of these meetings revolve around goal setting for Individualized Program Plan (IPPs) however, this concept relates to all students. Parent, student and teacher unite to set goals the child will aim to achieve that school year. After goals are set and IPP documents are established, it is at this point that the students’ engagement in the process wavers.
Tanya Keto and Ashley Barber
As we start a new school year, it’s a good time to reflect on what went well previously and what can be done better going forward. Student-parent-teacher communication can significantly impact student success, and there are a wide range of experiences with this dynamic.
Danae Laut, MSc., Ph.D. Student/Doctoral Intern at Foothills Academy Society
For any parent with a teenager, it comes as no surprise that the emotional lives of adolescents can be very different from adults. Teenagers tend to react to stressors (e.g., peer conflict, exams) more strongly, experience negative emotions more often, and experience more frequent and intense mood swings than adults.
Melanie Reader, B.Sc. (Hons). MSc., Registered Psychologist
“Nerves and butterflies are fine – they’re a physical sign that you’re mentally ready and eager. You have to get the butterflies to fly in formation, that’s the trick.” ~Steve Bull